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Stanford University CSLI Metaphysics Research Lab

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Summer 1999 Edition

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The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is a dynamic encyclopedia published as a project of the Metaphysics Research Lab at the Center for the Study of Language and Information (John Perry, Director) at Stanford University. It was designed and implemented by Edward N. Zalta. All correspondence should be directed to:

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Subject Editor (Affiliation)
Action, Philosophy of David Velleman (University of Michigan)
John M. Fischer (University of California/Riverside)
Aesthetics Ted Cohen (University of Chicago)
African Philosophy Anthony Appiah (Harvard University)
Ancient Philosophy John Cooper (Princeton University)
    Aristotle Alan Code (University of California, Berkeley)
    Plato Richard Kraut (Northwestern University)
Chinese Philosophy Kwong-Loi Shun (University of California/Berkeley)
Chad Hansen (University of Hong-Kong)
Cognitive Science, Philosophy of Barbara Von Eckardt (University of Nebraska/Lincoln)
Epistemology Laurence BonJour (University of Washington/Seattle)
    History of Stephen Darwall (University of Michigan)
    Metaethics David Copp (Bowling Green State University)
Feminism Sally Haslanger (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Indian and Tibetan Philosophy Mark Siderits (Illinois State University)
Richard Hayes (McGill University)
Karl Potter (University of Washington/Seattle)
Inductive Logic and Decision Theory Brian Skyrms (University of California/Irvine)
James Joyce (University of Michigan)
Japanese Philosophy Thomas Kasulis (Ohio State University)
Language, Philosophy of Kenneth Taylor (Stanford University)
Timothy Williamson (University of Edinburgh)
Law, Philosophy of Joseph Raz (Oxford University)
Liam Murphy (New York University)
Linguistics, Philosophy of Geoffrey Pullum (University of California/Santa Cruz)
Barbara Scholz (San Jose State University)
Logic John Burgess (Princeton University)
    Non-Classical Logic Alasdair Urquhart (University of Toronto)
Medieval Philosophy Paul Vincent Spade (Indiana University/Bloomington)
Gyula Klima (University of Notre Dame)
Jack Zupko (Emory University)
Metaphysics Peter Simons (University of Leeds)
Mind, Philosophy of David Chalmers (University of Arizona)
Physics, Philosophy of  
    Quantum Mechanics Rob Clifton (University of Pittsburgh)
    Spacetime John D. Norton (University of Pittsburgh)
Religion, Philosophy of John M. Fischer (University of California/Riverside)
Jonathan Kvanvig (Texas A&M University)
Renaissance and
16th Century Philosophy
Brian Copenhaver (UCLA)
Dennis Des Chene (Johns Hopkins University)
Science, Philosophy of Phillip Kitcher (Columbia University)
Social and Political Philosophy Thomas Pogge (Columbia University)
Elizabeth Kiss (Duke University)
Yael Tamir (Tel Aviv University)
17th Century Philosophy Alan Nelson (University of California/Irvine)
Edwin McCann (University of Southern California)
18th Century Philosophy Margaret Atherton (University of Wisconsin/Milwaukee)
David Owen (University of Arizona)
19th Century Philosophy Allen Wood (Yale University)
    Contintental Philosophy Robert Pippin (University of Chicago)
20th Century Philosophy Andrew Irvine (University of British Columbia/Vancouver)
Fred Kroon (University of Auckland)
Huw Price (University of Sydney)
    Contintental Philosophy Dagfinn Føllesdal (University of Oslo/Stanford University)

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Max Cresswell (Victoria University of Wellington), Greg Fitch (Arizona State University), Thomas Hofweber (Stanford University), Ernie Lepore (Rutgers University), Kirk Ludwig (University of Florida), Chris Menzel (Texas A&M University), Karl-Georg Niebergall (Universität München), Greg Restall (Macquarie University)

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The Editor would like to acknowledge the special programming expertise of Eric Hammer, when the Encyclopedia was in its initial design stages. We'd also like to thank David Barker-Plummer, Mark Greaves, Emma Pease, Susanne Riehemann, and Nathan Tawil for their helpful suggestions concerning the Encyclopedia project and the construction of this Web site.

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