Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
This is a file in the archives of the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Past Contributing Subject Editors

The SEP administrative staff, on behalf of all of the SEP contributors and readers, would like to thank the following members of the profession, who have volunteered their time and energy serving as subject editors on the SEP Editorial Board. They have helped us to determine which topics should be included in their section, which members of the profession to invite, read entry proposals and approved volunteers, and vetted SEP entries (sometimes multiple drafts). We are very much in their debt.

Dean Zimmerman, served Winter 1999–Winter 2012.
Dean was one of the first members of the team of co-editors for Metaphysics. He vetted the folllowing entries: Determinates vs. Determinables, Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Properties, the Correspondence Theory of Truth, Existence, Death, Emergent Properties, Tropes, Change and Inconsistency, Time, The Problem of the Many, Object, Mereology, Boundary, Monism, Dispositions, Ontological Dependence, Materialism, and the Metaphysics of Mass Expressions. The SEP is greatly in his debt.
Tamar Rudavsky, served Summer 2003–Spring 2012.
Tamar helped us to organize a team of co-editors for Judaic Philosophy, and organized the main group of entries to be covered. She refereed the entries on Maimonides, The Influence of Islamic Thought on Maimonides, Elijah Delmedigo, Abraham Ibn Daud, Abraham Ibn Ezra, Judah Halevi, Avicebron (Ibn Gabirol), and Abner of Burgos, among others. Throughout her time on the board, she helped us refine the list of titles for this section. We'll miss her enthusiasm and input.
Stephen Yablo, served November 1999–December 2011.
Stephen was among the very first group of metaphysics co-editors for the SEP, and helped to set the direction of the section by suggesting and commissioning numerous entries. He vetted our entries on: abstract objects, modal fictionalism, events, Zeno's paradoxes, realism, metaphysics of causation, logic and ontology, identity over time, transworld identity, essential vs. accidental properties, and facts. We're extremely grateful for all the effort he put into the SEP.
Chris Swoyer, served October 1999–December 2011.
Chris worked with Philip Kitcher to help establish the SEP's section on general philosophy of science. He refereed the entries on laws of nature, truthlikeness, scientific realism, scientific explanation, social dimensions of scientific knowledge, models in science, historicist theories of rationality, interpretations of probability, formal learning theory, probabilistic causation, unity of science, and philosophy of computer science. We're indebted to him for his wide-ranging expertise and willingness to take on the refereeing tasks we assigned him.
Tommy Lott, served March 2004–November 2011.
Tommy helped to shape the structure of the SEP listings on African and African-American philosophy. He laid the groundwork for the development of this section, setting high standards. He vetted entries on African Sage Philosophy and Akan Philosophy of the Person. He put in a lot of effort on drafts of entries that never made it to publication.
Larry BonJour, served December 1997–April 2011.
Larry was the SEP's first editor for articles in epistemology. He commissioned, and refereed, our core set of entries in epistemology. We are indebted to him for his expert judgment in bringing the following entries to publication: social epistemology, Bayesian epistemology, virtue epistemology, naturalized epistemology, coherentism, skepticism, foundationalist theories of epistemic justification, epistemological problems of memory, evolutionary epistemology, the analysis of knowledge, epistemic closure principle, epistemic basing relation, epistemological problems of testimony, and internalist vs externalist theories of epistemic justification. Larry also contributed the SEP's entry on Epistemological Problems of Perception. Larry helped the SEP become one of the first places to look for work on epistemology.
Liam Murphy, served September 1998–October 2010.
Liam has helped to build up the section on the philosophy of law from scratch.He has vetted entries including constitutionalism, the nature of law, law and ideology, causation in the law, legal rights, naturalism in legal philosophy, interpretivist theories of law, legal positivism, theories of tort law, legal obligation and authority, theories of contracts, precedent and analogy in legal reasoning, legal punishment, criminal law, economic analysis of law, etc. His range and expertise has been of great value to the SEP. We're very much in his debt.
Guido Bacciagaluppi, served January 2001–July 2010.
Guido did an outstanding job, taking over the entres on Philosophy of Physics [Quantum Mechanics] shortly before Rob Clifton's untimely death. He brought the section to fruition, and vetted the entries on Bohmian Mechanics, Quantum Entanglement and Information, Collapse Theories, Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, The Uncertainty Principle, Relational Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Logic and Probability Theory, Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, and many others. We are indebted to Guido for his service and contribution to the SEP.
Helen Nissenbaum, served October 2000–June 2010.
Helen helped us to map out an SEP subject area of applied ethics, namely, Ethics and Information Technology. She commissioned and refereed the entries titled Computer Ethics, Computing and Moral Responsibility, Phenomenological Approaches to Ethics and Information Technology, and the Philosophy of Technology.
Kenneth Taylor, served December 1997–September 2009.
Ken played an important role as the SEP's first subject editor for Philosophy of Language. He commissioned and refereed entries on Anaphora, Descriptions, Implicature, Indexicals, Logical Form, Quotation, and Reference.
Sean Kelly, served August 2003–September 2008.
Sean served as part of the co-editorial team for 20th century Continental Philosophy. He helped referee entries on existentialism, and Karl Jaspers.
Paul Vincent Spade, served January 1997–September 2008.
Paul has been one of the longest serving subject editors for the SEP. He was part of the original group of philosophers who joined the SEP Editorial Board when it was first formed. We are indebted to him for organizing the subject area of Medieval Philosophy. Paul took responsibility for refereeing 30 SEP entries, and indeed wrote 4 entries himself, including the main entry on medieval philosophy. He helped to advise us on the selection of co-editors, and with the help of these co-editors, the SEP now has 79 published or assigned entries in Medieval Philosophy. We will certainly miss Paul's authoritative assessments of the field, as well as his keen eye for what an authoritative reference work entry should be.
Joseph Raz, served Summer 1999–Fall 2007.
Joseph joined Liam Murphy as co-editor in 1999 (replacing Ronald Dworkin), and the two of them subsequently vetted jointly all the primary entries in the philosophy of law section of the SEP. These include: Legal Rights, Theories of Contracts, Causation in the Law, Theories of Criminal Law, Legal Punishment, The Nature of Law, The Pure Theory of Law, The Limits of Law, Naturalism in Legal Philosophy, Legal Realisms, Legal Positivism, Legal Obligation and Authority, Law and Language, Constitutionalism, Interpretation and Coherence in Legal Reasoning, The Economic Analysis of Law, Legal Principles of Restitution, Legal Philosophy: Its Aims and Methods, Interpretivist Theories of Law, Precedent and Analogy in Legal Reasoning, Law and Ideology, Theories of Tort Law, Natural Law Theories, The Rule of Law and Procedural Fairness, Property, and The Legal Concept of Evidence.
Linda Zagzebski, served Spring 2001–Spring 2007.
Linda played an important and influential role in developing the section on philosophy of religion in the SEP. She commissioned and refereed entries with the following titles: Afterlife, Concepts of God, Cosmological Argument, Divine Freedom, Emotions in the Christian Tradition, Eternity, Omnipresence, Philosophy of Religion, Pragmatic Arguments for Belief in God, Religion and Morality, Religion and Science, and Teleological Arguments for God's Existence. It will be hard to replace her.
Lewis Ricardo Gordon, served 2003–2007.
Lewis came on board in 2003 to help Lucius Outlaw with the SEP section on African and African-American Philosophy. We'd like to thank him for the time he spent consulting with Tommy Lott, who replaced Lucius.
Sahotra Sarkar, served 2000–2006.
Sahotra played a seminal role in developing our philosophy of biology section. He refereed the entries on biodiversity, evolutionary genetics, gene, heredity and heritability, population genetics, the biological notion of self, and the genotype/phenotype distinction. We are indebted to him for his wide knowledge in the field and for his advice on how to develop the subject.
Huw Price, served 1996–2006.
Huw was the first philosopher from "down under" to join the SEP, and in the first years of the project, he helped to recruit talented and web-aware Australian philosophers. He subsequently became a subject editor for 20th century analytic philosophy, and refereed the entries on Wilfrid Sellars, Donald Davidson, the experience and perception of time, thermodynamic asymmetry in time, counterfactual theories of causation, the Vienna Circle, and others. Huw argued early on that we should be flexible about entry length so as to allow entries to go into more depth than in other reference works, and this had a significant affect on the development of the SEP.
Andrew Irvine, served 1995–2006.
Andrew was a visitor to CSLI when the SEP project started. He contributed some of the earliest entries in the SEP (Russell, Whitehead, Principia Mathematica, Russell's Paradox) and in the first years of the SEP, helped to bring talented Canadian philosophers who were web-aware into the project. He subsequently became a co-editor for 20th century analytic philosophy, and refereed the entries on Feyerabend, logical constructions, Jacques Maritain, Karl Popper, historicist theories of rationality, Richard Rorty, L.E.J. Brouwer, G.E. Moore, Isaiah Berlin, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. We are grateful to Andrew for his many years of service and both steady and sound advice.
David Velleman, served 1998–2005.
David co-edited the entries on the philosophy of action, and to that end, not only helped to develop the basic list of topics in this subject area but also helped us to identify prospective authors for those topics. He set high standards and his comments helped shaped the entries on action and personal autonomy.
Robert Pippin, served 1999–2005.
Robert co-edited the entries on 19th century philosophy, focusing principally on those relating to 19th century Continental Philosophy. He refereed the entries on Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Hegel, Schleiermacher, Fichte, Reinhold, Schelling, Jacobi, Bauer, etc. We are in his debt for the high standards he maintained in this section.
Dan Brock, served 1999–2005.
Dan was the first editor in Applied Ethics, responsible for the subspecialty of Biomedical Ethics. He refereed the entries on voluntary euthanasia, parenthood, philosophy for children, philosophy of childhood, suicide, and mental illness.
Sally Haslanger, served 1997–2005.
Sally was the founding subject editor for entries on Feminist Philosophy. She helped to organize the entries so that they would fall into the categories of "approaches to feminism", "feminist interventions", and "topics in feminism". In addition, she refereed the first group of entries on feminism that came online.
Margaret Atherton and David Owen, served from 1999 to 2004.
Margaret and David together laid a solid basis for the entries on 18th century philosophy, commissioning and refereeing entries on all the major figures. We very much appreciate their efforts and we look forward to building on the foundation they laid.
Alan Code, served 1996–2004.
Alan was the founding subject editor for entries on Aristotle, and as such, served as a co-editor for entries on ancient philosophy. He commissioned and refereed the entries on Aristotle's ethics, logic, mathematics, metaphysics, political theory, psychology, and rhetoric.
Nicholas Jolley, served 2000–2004.
During Nick's three-year tenure, he not only commissioned but also approved for publication a number of important articles in his subject area; in addition to the more specialized articles, there are now general essays on such central figures as Locke, Malebranche, and Spinoza.
Lucius Outlaw, served 2003–2004.
Lucius made the first sketch of the list of entries for the section on African and African-American Philosophy in the SEP. Unfortunately, onerous administrative duties made it difficult for him to see his conception brought to fruition.
Alasdair Urquhart, served 1998–2003.
Alasdair Urquhart was the founding subject editor for entries on Non-Classical Logic. Alasdair was diligent in refereeing such entries as the ones on modal logic, intuitionistic logic, temporal logic, relevance logic, paraconsistent logic, provability logic, many-valued logic, infinitary logic, substructural logics, and category theory.
John Burgess, served 1997–2003.
John Burgess was the founding subject editor for entries on Classical Logic. John helped to organize the entries for this subject, refereed the entries on classical logic, first-order model theory, infinitary logic, model theory, set theory, and the mathematics of Boolean algebra.
Philip Kitcher, served 2000–2003.
Philip worked with Chris Swoyer to help set up the SEP's initial list of topics on the philosophy of science. He helped to vet the entries on scientific realism and scientific progress.
Peter Simons, served 1997–2001.
Originally a consulting editor, and then a founding subject editor for metaphysics at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Peter served from April 1997 to December 2001, primarily helping to create the list of 80 topics in Metaphysics, and offering advice and suggestions about authors. We have benefited a lot from the time, effort and insight he gave to the encyclopedia.
Rob Clifton (b. 1964, d. 2002), served 1997–2000.
Founding subject editor for philosophy of physics at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. He served from April 1997 to December 2000, specializing in entries on quantum theory. Rob not only organized the topics on quantum theory, but also commissioned approximately 25 entries. Rob was one of the first philosophers to recognize the worth of the Encyclopedia and he helped set our exacting editorial standards. Rob's energy and example attracted the best scholars to the Editorial Board. His love of philosophy and commitment to rigor of thought inspired every author he commissioned and is reflected in every article he edited.