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Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Notes to Biological Altruism


Notes

1. Though if each individual interacts with only one or a few other individuals throughout its lifetime, reciprocal altruism may evolve without the ability for individual recognition. See Axelrod and Hamilton (1981) and Maynard Smith (1982) for discussion of this point.



Copyright © 2003
Samir Okasha
so5@york.ac.uk

Notes to Biological Altruism
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy