This is a file in the archives of the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Notes to Libertarianism


1. Locke (1690) was not a Lockean libertarian. For he disallowed appropriation that would lead to spoilage, he rejected the right of voluntary self-enslavement, and he held that one has a duty to provide the means of subsistence to those unable to provide for themselves.

2. Nozick (1974, pp. 3-148) presents a highly hypothetical, and highly controversial, scenario describing how one could come to have such an enforceable obligation to pay for basic police services.

3. For helpful comments, I thank Brad Hooker, Thomas Pogge, Hillel Steiner, and Nic Tideman.

Copyright © 2002 by
Peter Vallentyne

First published: September 5, 2002
Content last modified: September 5, 2002